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University College Dublin (UCD)
School of Politics and International Relations

 Contact details
Contact personDr. James Cross
StreetG305, Newman Building, UCD 
Address 4 - Dublin (Ireland) 
EmailShow Email
 Organisation details
Employees (in Depart.)11-25 
Organisation TypeSecondary or higher education establishment 
 Research Focus

 Fields of activities:
» Political science

 Brief description of your activity focus
Interests include European Union politics; legislative decision making; big data approaches to EU politics; game theory; and legislative transparency.

 Details about Expertise / Competences / Technologies
Dr. James P. CrossJC is a Lecturer in European Public Policy at University College Dublin. His current research
investigates decision-making processes and negotiator agency in legislative negotiations in the EU, focusing on
member state interactions within the Council of Ministers during the legislative process. In addition, it examines
how the Council interacts with other legislative bodies over the course of negotiations to reach decisions at the
EU level. This research seeks to identify the influence of the institutional environment on the decision-making
process by detailing how negotiators respond to different institutional contexts in which legislation is discussed.

Dr. Cross previously spent time as a post-doctoral researcher in the EUP research group at the ETH Zürich from
September 2011 until December 2013. He also spent the 2013/2014 academic year as a Jean Monnet Fellow at
the European University Institute in Florence. There he worked on a project entitled “Legislative Negotiations in
the European Union (LNEU)”. This project involved constructing a large database on the legislative process of
the EU, with a particular focus on inter-institutional relations between the Commission, Council and Parliament.
As part of this project, he developed and used text-analysis methods to track changes to draft legislation over
the course of negotiations.

As a Ph.D. candidate at Trinity College Dublin working under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Robert Thomson, he
conducted research that explored the legislative decision-making process at the COREPER and Working Group
of negotiation within the Council of Ministers. In particular, his doctoral dissertation focused on the manner in
which member states exert their influence over the legislative process through interventions made during
negotiations, making reference to various theory-based explanations of member state behaviour and legislative
decision making.
 Research Activities

 EU Framework Programme related activities:
» EURO 4-2014: Political challenges for Europe
» EURO-6-2015: Meeting new societal needs by using emerging technologies in the public sector
» YOUNG-5-2014: Societal and political engagement of young people and their perspectives on Europe
» INT-1-2014/2015: Enhancing and focusing research and innovation cooperation with the Unions key international partner countries
» INT-8-2015: The European Union and the Eastern Partnership
» INT-9-2015: The European Union, Turkey and its wider neighbourhood: challenges and opportunities
» INT-10-2015: The European Union and integration challenges in the Balkans
» INSO-1-2014/2015: ICT-enabled open government
» INSO-10-2015: SME business model innovation

 Project participation
Project #1
Project TypeOther (International)
Project TitleWeb-scraping and automated data extraction algorithms
CoordinatorETH Zürich, Switzerland
Project #2
Project TypeNational
Project TitleMinimum edit distance measures to assess actor amendment success in EU negotiations
CoordinatorEuropean University Institute

 International and national projects beyond EU Framework Programme
European University Institute, Italy. Max Weber & Jean Monnet fellow (Sept 2012-present):
- Constructed dataset scraped from EU websites; Developed minimum edit distance measures to assess actor
amendment success in EU negotiations.

ETH Zürich, Switzerland. Post-doctoral Fellow (Sept 2011-present):
- Developed Web-scraping and automated data extraction algorithms to study the application of transparency and
censorship to EU decision making.

Doctoral Research, Trinity College Dublin – Dept. of Political Science (Sept 2007-Nov 2011):
- Applied cooperative and non-cooperative game theory models of EU decision making.
- Conducted research on the determinants of member state bargaining behaviour and bargaining success using
advanced statistical techniques.
- Created new dataset detailing member state activity during legislative negotiations.

Researcher, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona – Dept. of Political Science (Sept 2008):
- Involved in the extension of the ‘Decision Making in the European Union’ dataset (see list of publications for
- Carried out data collection through semi-structured interviews with EU officials.
- Produced reports on information gathered and compiled datasets to be used by the ECPR-recognised ‘Decision
Making in the European Union’ research group.

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     Inserted / Updated
    2014-10-15 / 2014-10-17

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